The United States has always been known for being the leading country when it comes to democracy.
The US democracy has been around for the past 230 years which makes it the oldest democracy in the entire world.
It has paved the path for security, stability and freedom of speech for the people in the US.
It is therefore important to explore the pillars of US democracy and understand how it functions.
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The modern US democracy was established after the end of the American revolution in 1783.
Having a king was not acceptable by the founding fathers and the American people.
A new system was needed back then to build a solid foundation for fairness and stability in the US.
In 1787, the new constitution was introduced by the founding fathers.
Ironically, the constitution would later on set the path for modern democracy yet it does not mention the word “democracy” even once.
The constitution required the establishment of three independent branches in the US government that would have distributed authority and power.
Now let’s jump into each of these three branches and explore how they work.
Lets start with the legislative branch.
This branch was established by Article I of the Constitution.
It includes both the House of Representatives (which is made of 435 members) and the senate (which is made of 100 senators).
These two components are called the United States Congress and function in the US Capitol Building.
The US congress is in charge of creating laws, various presidential appointments, passing the national bill, significant investigative powers and declaring war.
The republican party currently has the majority in members in both the House of representatives and the Senate when compared to the democrats.
This would make the agenda of Donald Trump the current president of the united states that much more achievable since he was the republican presidential nominee.
For example, passing a new health care bill would have better odds in this case.
Next, the executive branch.
This branch was established by Article II of the Constitution.
Leading this branch are the president and vice president that are responsible for enforcing the laws passed by the legislative branch.
The president often requires advice from a group of experts known as the cabinet.
The cabinet specializes in different areas to provide the president with the most suitable advice and knowledge.
The executive branch is entitled to commanding the US armed forces, communicate with leaders of other countries in addition to overseeing national security and treasury matters.
The Executive Branch employs more than 4 million Americans. That would include the arm force members of course.
This enormous number of people would ensure that the tasks of the executive branch are achieved.
Finally, the judicial branch.
This branch was established by Article III of the Constitution.
It includes both the federal district courts and US supreme court.
In other words, all the courts in the United States function under this branch of US government.
Members of this branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
This branch is concerned with the interpretation of the US laws and make sure that everyone commits to them. Of course, the courts are also responsible for punishing those who break the law.
The number of Supreme Court Justice members is determined by congress and is currently at nine members including eight Associate Justices and one Chief Justice.
These three branches of the government collectively set the framework of living in the united states and underline the US democracy.
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